Patna Sahib Guru Gobind Singh ji (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism. He was born in Patna, Bihar in India and became a Guru on 11 November 1675, at the age of nine years, succeeding his father Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was the leader of the Sikh faith, a warrior, a poet, and a philosopher. In the Sikh society, Guru Gobind Singh is considered a perfect example of manhood; highly educated, skilled in horsemanship, armed combat, chivalrous, and generous in character. Guru Gobind Singh ji’s life and teachings have had a lasting impression on Sikh ideology as well as in their daily life. His establishment of the Khalsa is considered as one of the most important events in the history of Sikhism. He fought twenty defensive battles with the Mughals and their alliances, such as Rajas of Shivalik Hills. Guru Gobind Singh ji was the last human Sikh Guru; and in Nanded he declared the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, as the next permanent Sikh Guru on October 7, 1708.
It was ‘Sher-e-Punjab’ Maharaja Ranjit Singh who, first of all, undertook the task of raising a monumental Sikh Temple at this place. As a result of an earthquake, the celestial edifice came to be a heap of dust. With the co-operation of the Sikh masses, the golden fabric, as it stands today, has come into its own. Maharaja Ranjit Singh built many famous Gurudwaras, which are now spread over India and Pakistan. Gurudwara Patna Sahib was built in1666 but it was damaged in 1839 due to a fire. Raja Ranjit ordered the reconstruction of the temple but sadly, he did not survive to see its completion. Bad luck struck the Gurudwara again, in the form of a mass earthquake, in 1934. In 1954, the existing structure was raised. It is believed that Patna Sahib is the birth place of the tenth Sikh guru, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji. As a place visited by the first Sikh Guru, Sri Guru Nanak Ji, and also the ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, this shrine is of extreme importance to the Sikhs all over the world. It is believed that this place is the symbol of valiance and fearlessness.
Guru Nanak, the first Guru visited this place on his way to the holy land Gaya, the place where Buddha was enlightened. Guru Nanak was a great scholar of history and hence, was aware of the importance of Pataliputra. Guru was then trying to resurrect the glory of Indian culture and met Salis Rai Jouri, a great devotee of him. Influenced by Guru Nanak’s teachings, Salis Rai Jouri converted his huge house into a Dharamsala (school of Dharma). It is said that Guru Tegh Bahadur stayed here during his visit to Patna.
Gurudwara Patna Sahib is famous for its architectural design. The gurudwara accommodates a museum where some relics of the tenth guru, Guru Gobind Singh are preserved. The most important one among them is a gilded cradle used by the tenth Guru. Other relics include his iron arrows, sacred sword and sandals, swing and Sikh paintings, small iron kanda, earthen goli, and a wooden comb. A book containing the Hukamnamas of Guru Gobind Singh Ji and Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji is also preserved with great reverence. Gandhi Sarovar or Mangal Talab is a big pond protected with fences on all sides. The four corners of the pond are made into a Ghat with stairs. Guru ke Baag is a beautiful garden situated near the gurudwara. It is believed that Guru Tegh Bahadur stayed here for some days. The owner of this garden gifted this beautiful place to him and hence, the name Guru ke Baag, which means Guru’s garden. Bazaar Samiti is a shopping hub for the pilgrims and tourists who visit Patna Sahib. The best time to visit Patna Sahib is from October to March.
How to Reach :- Patna Sahib The Patna Sahib gurudwara is situated near Patna, the capital of Bihar. It is easily accessible by road, rail and air.
By Air: The nearest airport is Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna (restricted international airport), and it is connected with the rest of the country by frequent flight services. All major aviation companies in India provide their service here.
By Rail: The shrine has a railway station named Patna Sahib railway station, located near to the place. This provides great convenience to the visitors and connects the shrine to other parts of the country.
By Road: NH-31 connects Patna with the rest of the country. One can reach the shrine by bus, taxi or by private vehicles.
Gurudwara Patna Sahib is one of the most important Takht. As a place that enjoyed the presence of three Sikh Gurus, Gurudwara Patna Sahib is worth visiting. This shrine is one of the most important centers for the Sikhs in eastern India. The various relics preserved here also make it very important.